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Taken from the Complete Works of William Shakespeare

The Merchant of Venice

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.

Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to

dinner.

Por. I humbly do desire your grace of par-

don;

I must away this night toward Padua;

And it is meet I presently set forth.

Duke. I am sorry that your leisure serves

you not.

Antonio, gratify this gentleman;

For, in my mind, you are much bound to him.

[Extend DUKE, Magnificoes, and Train.

Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my

friend

Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted

Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof,

Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew

We freely cope your courteous pains withal.

Ant. And stand indebted, over and above

And be a day before our husbands home.

This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo.

Enter GRATIANO.

Gra. Fair sir, you are well overta’en:

My Lord Bassanio, upon more advice

Hath sent you here this ring; and doth entreat

Your company at dinner.

Por.                             That cannot be:

His ring I do accept most thankfully.

And so, I pray you, tell him. Furthermore,

I pray you, show my youth old Shylock’s house.

Gra. That will I do.

Ner. Sir, I would speak with you:—

I’ll see if I can get my husband’s ring,

[To PORTIA.

Which I did make him swear to keep for ever.

Por.  Thou mayst, I warrant. We shall have

old swearing

That they did give the rings away to en;

Bud we’ll outface them and outswear them too.

Away make haste; thou know’st where I will

tarry.

Ner. Come, good sir, will you show me to

this house?                                [Exeunt.

(On 1/31/15 – Join me for the continuation of 

“The Merchant of Venice”, 

ACT V, SCENE I.–BELMONT. Pleasure grounds of

PORTIA’S House.


Taken from the Complete Works of William Shakespeare

The Merchant of Venice

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.

Dke. That thou shalt see the difference of our

I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it:

For half thy wealth, it is Antonio’s:

The other half comes to the general state,

Which humbleness may drive unto a fine.

Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio.

Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not

that:

You take my house when you do take the prop

That doth sustain my house; you take my life

When you do take the means whereby I live.

Por. What mercy can you render him,

Antonio?                                   [sake.

Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else; for God’s

Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the

court,

To quit the fine for one half of his goods;

I am content, so he will let me have

The other half in use, to render it,

Upon his death, unto the gentleman

That lately stole his daughter:

Two things provided more,—that for this

favour,

He presently become a Christian;

The other, that he do record a gift,

Here in the court, of all he dies possess’d

Unto his son Lorenzo and his daughter.

Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant

The pardon that I late pronounced here.

Por. Art thou contented, Jew? what dost

thou say?

Shy. I am content.

Por.                      Clerk, draw a deed of gift.

Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from

hence:

I am not well; send the deed after me

And I will sign it.

Duke.                Get thee gone, but do it.

Gra. In christening, thou shalt have two

godfathers:

Had I been judge, thou shouldst have had ten

more,

To bring thee to the gallows, not the font.

[Exit SHYLOCK.

(On 1/30/15 – Join me for the continuation of 

“The Merchant of Venice”, 

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.


Taken from the Complete Works of William Shakespeare

The Merchant of Venice

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.

Por. Tarry a little;—there is something

This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood;

The words expressly are a pound of flesh:

Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of

flesh;

But, in the cutting, if thou dost shed   [goods

One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and

Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate

Unto the state of Venice.        [learned judge!

Gra. O upright judge!—Mark, Jew;—O

Sky. Is that the law?

Por.                     Thyself shall see the act:

For, as thou urgest justice, be assur’d

Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’st.

Gra. O learned judge!—Mark,       Jew;—a

learned judge!                               [thrice,

Shy. I take this offer then,—pay the bond

And let the Christian go.

Bass.                          Here is the money.

Por. Soft;                                       [haste:—

The Jew shall have all justice:—soft;—no

He shall have nothing but the penalty.

Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned

judge!

Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the

flesh.

Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less nor more

But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak’st more

Or less than a just pound,—be it but it but so much

As makes it light or heavy in the substance,

Or the division of the twentieth part

Of one poor scruple: nay, if the scale do turn

But in the estimation of a hair,–

Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.

Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew!

Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.

Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take thy for-

feiture.

Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go.

Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is.

Por. He hath refus’d it in the open court;

He shall have merely justice, and his bond.

Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel!—

I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.

Sky.  Shall I not have barely my principal?

Por.   Thou shalt have nothing but the for-feiture

To be so taken at the peril, Jew.

Shy. Why, then the devil give him good of it!

I’ll stay no longer question.

Por.                                Tarry, Jew;

The law hath et another hold on you.

It is enacted in the laws of Venice,—

If it be prov’d against an alien,

That y direct or indirect attempts

He seek the life of any citizen,

The party ‘gainst the which he doth contrive

Shall seize one half his goods; the other half

Comes to the privy coffer of the state;

And the offender’s life lies in the mercy

Of the duke only, ‘gainst all other voice.

In which predicament, I say, thou stand’st;

For it appears by manifest proceeding,

That indirectly, ad directly too

Thou hast contriv’d against the very life

Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr’d

The danger formerly by me rehears’d.

Down, therefore and beg mercy of the duke.

Gra. Beg that thou mayst have leave to hang

thyself:

And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state

Thou hast not left the value of a cord;

Therefore, thou must be hang’d at the state’s

charge.                                             [spirit,

(On 1/29/15 – Join me for the continuation of 

“The Merchant of Venice”, 

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.


Taken from the Complete Works of William Shakespeare

The Merchant of Venice

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.

Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on

your charge,

To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death.

Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond?

Por. It is not so express’d; but what of that?

‘Twere good you do so much for charity.

Shy. I cannot find it; ’tis not in the bond.

Por. Come, merchant, have you anything to

say?

Ant. But little; I am arm’d and well pre-

par’d.—

Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well.

Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you;

For herein fortune shows herself more kind

Than is her custom: it is still her use

To let the wretched man out-live his wealth,

To view with hollow eye and wrinkled brow

An age of poverty; from which lingering penance

Of such misery doth she cut me off.

Commend me to your honourable wife:

Tell her the process of Antonio’s end;

Say how I lov’d you; speak me fair in death;

And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge

Whether Bassanio had not once a love.

Repent not you that you shall lose your friend,

And he repents not that he pays your debt;

For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough,

I’ll pay it instantly with all my heart.

Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife

Which is as dear to me as life itself;

But life itself, my wife, and all the world

Are not with me esteem’d above thy life;

I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all

Here to this devil, to deliver you.

Por. Your wife would give you little thanks

for that,

If she were by to hear you make the offer.

Gra. I have a wife whom, I protest, I love;

I would she were in heaven, so she could

Entreat some power to change this currish Jew.

Ner. ‘Tis well you offer it behind her back;

The wish would make else an unquiet house.

Shy. These be the Christian husbands: I

have a daughter;

Would any of the stock of Barrabas

Had been her husband, rather than a Christian!

[Aside.

We trifle time;—I pray thee, pursue sentence.

Por. A pound of that same merchant’s flesh

is thine;

The court awards it and the law doth give it.

Shy. Most rightful judge!               [his breast;

Por. And you must cut this flesh from off

The law allows it and the court awards it.

Shy. Most learned judge!—A sentence;

come, prepare.                        [else.—

(On 1/28/15 – Join me for the continuation of 

“The Merchant of Venice”, 

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.


Taken from the Complete Works of William Shakespeare

The Merchant of Venice

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.

Shy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the

law,

The penalty and forfeit of my bond.

Por. Is he not able to discharge the money?

Bass. Yes; here I tender it for him in the

court;

Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suffice

I will be bound to pay it ten times o’er,

On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart:

If this will not suffice, it must appear       [you

That malice bears down truth. And I beseech

Wrest once the law to your authority:

To do a great right do a little wrong,

And curb this cruel devil of his will.

Por. It must not be; there is no power in

Venice.

Can alter a decree established:

‘Twill be recorded for a precedent,

And many an error, by the same example

Will rush into the state: it cannot be.

Shy. A Daniel come to judgement! yea, a

Daniel!

O wise young judge! how I do honour thee!

Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond.

Shy. Here ’tis, most reverend doctor; here

it is.

Por. Shylock, there’s thrice thy money

offered thee.

Shy. An oath, an oath; I have an oath in

heaven:

Shall I lay perjury upon my soul?

No, not for Venice.

Por.                     Why, this bond is forfeit;

And lawfully by this the Jew may claim

A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off

Nearest the merchant’s heart.—Be merciful!

Take thrice the money; bid me tear the bond.

Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor.—

It doth appear you are a worthy judge;

You know the law; your exposition

Hath been most sound: I charge you by the

law,

Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,

Proceed to judgement: by my soul I swear

There is no power in the tongue of man

To alter me.—I stay here on my bond.

Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court

To give the judgement.

Por.                            Why then, thus it is.

You must prepare your bosom for his knife:

Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man!

Por. For the intent and purpose of the law

Hath full relation to the penalty,

Which here appeareth due upon the bond.

Shy. ‘Tis very true: O wise and upright

judge,

How much more elder art thou than thy looks!

Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom.

Shy.                                     Ay, his breast:

So says the bond;—doth it not, noble judge?—

Nearest his heart: those are the very words.

Por. It is so. Are there balance here to weigh

The flesh?

Shy. I have them ready.

(On 1/27/15 – Join me for the continuation of 

“The Merchant of Venice”, 

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.


Taken from the Complete Works of William Shakespeare

The Merchant of Venice

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.

[Clerk readsYour grace shall understand that, at

the receipt of your letter, I am very sick; but in the

instant that your messenger came, in loving visita-

tion was with me a young doctor of Rome; his name

is Balthazar: I acquainted him with the cause in

controversy between the Jew and Antonio the

merchant; we turned o’er many books together: he

is furnish’d with my opinion; which, better’d with

his own learning (the greatness whereof I cannot

enough commend), comes with him, at my impor-

tunity to fill up your grace’s request in my stead.

I beseech you, let his lack of years be no impedi-

ment to let him lack a reverend estimation; for I

never knew so young a body with so old a head.

I leave him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial

shall better publish his commendation.

Duke. You hear the learn’d Bellario, what he

writes:

And here, I take it, is the doctor come.—

Enter PORTIA, dressed like a doctor of laws.

Give me your hand: came you from old Bellario?

Por. I did, my lord.                                   [place.

Duke.             You are welcome: take your

Are you acquainted with the difference

That holds this present question in the court?

Por. I am informed throughly of the cause.

Which is the merchant here and which the

Jew?                                            [forth.

Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand

Por. Is your name Shylock?

Shy.                        Shylock is my name.

Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you

follow:

Yet in such rue, that the Venetian law

Cannot impugn you as you do proceed.—

You stand within his danger, do you not?

[To ANTONIO.

Ant. Ay, so he says.

Por.                    Do you confess the bond?

Ant. I do.

Por.         Then must the Jew be merciful.

Shy. On what compulsion must I? tell me

that.

Por. The quality of mercy is not strain’d;

It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven

Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless’d;

It blesseth him that gives and him that takes:

‘Tis mightiest in the mightiest, it becomes

The throned monarch better than his crown,

His sceptre shows the force of temporal power,

The attribute to awe and majesty,

Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;

But mercy is above this scepter’d sway,—

It is enthroned in the heart of kings,

It is an attribute to God himself;

And earthly power doth then show likest God’s

When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew,

Though justice be thy plea consider this—

That in the course of justice none of us

Should see salvation: we do pray for mercy;

And that same prayer doth teach us all to

render

The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much

To mitigate the justice of thy please;

Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice

Must needs give sentence ‘gainst the merchant

there.

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“The Merchant of Venice”, 

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.


Taken from the Complete Works of William Shakespeare

The Merchant of Venice

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.

There is no force in the decrees of Venice.—

I stand for judgement: answer: shall I have it?

Duke. Upon my power I may dismiss this

court,

Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,

Whom I have sent for to determine this,

Come here to-day.

Solan.                  My lord, here stays without

A messenger with letters from the doctor,

New come from Padua.                      [senger.

Duke. Bring us the letters;—call the mes-

Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man,

courage yet!                             [and all,

The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones,

Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.

Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock,

Meetest for death: the weakest kind of fruit

Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me:

You cannot better the employ’d, Bassanio,

Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.

Enter NERISSA, dressed like a lawyer’s clerk.

Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario?

Ner. From both, my lord: Bellario greets

your grace.                   [Presents a letter.

Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so

earnestlyl?                          [rupt there.

Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bank-

Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul,

harsh Jew,

Thou mak’st thy knife keen: but no metal can,

No, not the hangman’s axe, bear half the keen-

ness

Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee?

Shy. No; none that thou hast wit enough to

make.

Gra. O, be thou damn’d, inexorable dog!

And for thy life let justice be accus’d.

Thou almost mak’st me waver in my faith,

To hold opinion with Pythagoras,

That souls of animals infuse themselves

Into the trunks of men: thy currish spirit

Govern’d a wolf, who, hang’d for human

slaughter,

Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet,

And, whilst thou lay’st in thy unhallow’d dam,

Infus’d itself in thee; for thy desires

Are wolfish, bloody, starv’d , and ravenous.

Shy. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my

bond

Thou but offend’st thy lungs to speak so loud:

Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall

To cureless ruin.—I stand here for law.

Duke. This letter from Bellario doth com-

mend

A young and learned doctor to our court:—

Where is he?

Ner.             He attendeth here hard by,

To know your answer, whether you’ll admit

him.

Duke. With all my heart:—some three or

four of you

Go give him courteous conduct to this place.—

Meantime, the court shall hear Bellario’s letter.

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“The Merchant of Venice”, 

ACT IV, SCENE I.–VENICE. A Court of Justice.