Taken from the Merriam-Webster’s Encyclopedia of World Religions
Here is a dose of daily religion from A to Z.
Today’s religious topic is as follows:
”Allah, (Arabic: “God”), the one and only God in ISLAM. Etymologically, the name Allah is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-llah, “the God.” Allah is the standard Arabic word for “God” and is used by Arabic-speaking Christians as well as Muslims.
Allah is the pivot of the Muslim faith. The QUR’AN constantly preaches Allahs reality, his inaccessible mystery, his”beautiful” names, and his actions on behalf of his creatures. Three themes preponderate: (1) Allah is creator, judge, and rewarder; (2) he is unique: (wahid) and inherently one (ahad); and (3) he is omnipotent and all-merciful. God is the “Lord of the Worlds,” the most high, “nothing is like unto him,” and this in itself is to the believer a request to adore Allah as protector and to glorify his powers. God, moreover, is most compassionate, the originator of what is good and beautiful in the world; he “loves those who do good” (Qur’an 2:195), and is “closer than the jugular vein” (Qur’an 50:16). In SUFISM, he is the beloved with whom the mystic seeks union.
Muslim piety has collected, in the Qur’an and in HADITH, the 99 “most beautiful names” (al-asma al-husna) of God, and these names have become objects of devoted recitation and meditation. Among the names of Allah are the One and Only, the Living One, the Subsisting (al-Hayy al-Qayyum), the Real Truth (al-Haqq), the Sublime (al-‘Asim), The Wise (al-Hakim), the Omnipotent (al-‘Aziz), the Hearer (al-Sami), the Seer (al-Basir), the Omniscient (al-‘Alim), the Witness (al-Shahid), the Protector (al-Wakil), the Benefactor (al-Rahman), the Merciful (al-Rahim), and the Constant Forgiver (Ghafur, Ghaffar).
The profession of faith (SHAHADA) by which a person is introduced into the Muslim community consists of the affirmation that there is no god but Allah and that MUHAMMAD is his prophet. For pious Muslims, every action is opened by an invocation of the divine name (basmala). The formula in sha’a Allah. “if God wills,” appears frequently in daily speech. This formula is the reminder of an ever-preset divine intervention in the order of the world and the actions of human beings. Muslims believe that nothing happens and nothing is performed unless it is by the will or commandment of Allah. The personal attitude of a Muslim believer, therefore, is a complete submission to God, “whom one does not question” but whom one knows according to his (Qur’anic) word to be fair judge, at once formidable and benevolent, and the supreme help. In essence, the surrender to God (islam) is the religion itself.
(Comeback on 8/24/14 and continue to learn about religion. Tomorrow you’ll read and learn about “Allegory”.
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