Archives For Language

Abe is the second son of Adam and Eve, who was slain by his older brother, Cain (Genesis 4:1-16). Abel, a shepherd, offered the Lord the firstborn of his flock. God respected Abel’s sacrifice but did not respect that offered by Cain. In a rage, Cain murdered Abel, then became a fugitive because of the curse placed upon the ground (a curse of infertility) onto which Abel’s blood had spilled.

Genesis makes the point that divine authority backs self-control and brotherhood but punishers jealousy and violence. In the New Testament the blood of Abel is cited as an example of the vengeance of violated innocence (Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51).

Taken from Merriam-Webster Encyclopedia of World Religions 1999

1. Bowlers With Balls and Silverback Politicians

2. Letters Sent to Wisconsin High Schools Plead for Name-Change

Wisconsin’s Fort Atkinson High School mascot, the Blackhawks, is in the middle of a name-change debate.

3. Dear DC, Stop All Mining in the Penokee Range, Sincerely Bad River

4. Win the Contest, Heal the Wife: Musician Asks Indian Country to Vote

“We literally got it into the contest one hour before deadline,” says Greenfield.

5. Senate Shoots Down Navajo-New Mexico Gaming Compact

Barry Massey, AP
Ben Shelly, the President of the Navajo Nation, left, and Lorenzo Bates, Navajo Council Delegate, walk outside the New Mexico Capitol in Santa Fe, New Mexico, on Wednesday, February 19, 2014.

6. NB3F Names ‘Native Strong: Healthy Kids, Healthy Futures’ Grantees

Courtesy NB3F

7. Doing the Robot in Regalia: Supaman Fuses Fancy Dance, Flute, Hip Hop

‘I want to always show that you can live a positive life embracing and honoring who you are culturally, while living in modern society,’ Supaman tells the Billings Gazette.

8. Former Navajo Delegates Enter Guilty Pleas to Conspiracy

9. Celebrate International Mother Language Day Today

It’s International Mother Language Day! Celebrate by starting to learn an indigenous language.

10. Canada Holds USA in Semifinals, Faces Finland

USA forward Ryan Callahan and Canada forward Chris Kunitz in the first period of the men’s semifinal in Sochi

11. Hot Show, Dirty Politics: ‘House of Cards’ Actress Tanis Parenteau

Thosh Collins,
‘I got to watch Kevin Spacey and Robin Wright do a scene as soon as I got to the set,’ Parenteau says. ‘It was amazing — watching the two masters do their thing.’ Parenteau’s earrings are designed by Designhouse of Darylene; Summer Rain Jewelry Collection, she said.

12. New York Times Profiles Plight of Uranium-Plagued Navajo Reservation Residents

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
An abandoned uranium mine.

13. Cedarville Shooter Was Under FBI Probe Over Missing $50,000 in Federal Tribal Grants

Cherie Lash Rhoades, 44, who allegedly gunned down three relatives and a tribal administrator at Cedarville Rancheria tribal headquarters near Alturas, California, on February 20.

14. Freezing to Death in the Land of Greed and Plenty

15. 9 Facts About ‘The Last Great Race on Earth’

Associated Press
Starting line for the Iditarod. The race starts on March 1 and runs for several days.

16. Chairman Melvin R. Sheldon: NMAI’s Meet Native America Series

Melvin R. Sheldon, Chairman, Board of Directors of the Tulalip Tribes, during the first White House Tribal Nations Conference, November 2009. Washington, D.C.

17. Remains Found on Bluegrass Pipeline Route, Tribes Not Notified
The Bluegrass Pipeline, a joint venture between Williams and Boardwalk Partners, would carry natural gas liquids through both Kentucky and Ohio.

18. Dale Carson: Grow Food, Not Lawns!

19. Justice, Liberation and Freedom: Where Are Our Women Leaders?

20. Moon and Venus Get Down Before Dawn as Winter Diamond Graces Night Sky

21. Member of Nevada Governor’s Cabinet Elected President of AIANTA Board

Sheryl Rupert

22. Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation Join Water Coalition

23. Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation Honored with Statewide Award

24. Price Helps Canada Win Gold With Second Straight Shutout

Associated Press
embers of Team Canada pose for a photo with their gold medals after the gold medal on Sunday in Sochi, Russia

25. Moon and Venus Get Down Before Dawn as Winter Diamond Graces Night Sky
The moon and Venus in a configuration similar to what they’ll look like on Wednesday February 26, just before dawn.


1.  Idle No More Lives On: Rifles vs. Songs

2. Circling Raven Golf Club Director Named PGA ‘Merchandiser of the Year’
Circling Raven Golf Course in Worley, Idaho

3. 6 New Year Nomination Battles for Obama’s Native-Focused Nominees

Pictured clockwise, from top left, are: Brad Carson, Michael Connor, Keith Harper, Yvette Roubideaux, Vince Logan, and Diane Humetewa.

4. New Congressional Budget Reimburses Tribal Contract Support Costs

5. To Finance a Community Farming Project, Michigan Tribe Taps Indian Land Capital Company

6. Devery Jacobs, Cara Gee Lead Native Nominees for ‘Canadian Oscars’

Devery Jacobs photo by Thosh Collins; Cara Gee photo courtesy Gary Goddard Agency
Kawennáhere Devery Jacobs, left, and Cara Gee are nominated for Canadian Screen Awards.

7. IHS Confused Whether Indian Diabetes Funding Faces Another Sequestration

8. Tester, in Line to Be SCIA Chair, to Introduce Indian School Language Bill

Sen. Jon Tester (D-Montana) is introducing the Native Language Immersion Student Achievement Act.

9. ‘Stop Racism’ Headdress Stirs Appropriation Debate at Fashion Week


10. Prince Charles and Duchess of Cornwall to Visit Canada in May

Associated Press
Camilla Duchess of Cornwall and Prince Charles

11. Native Innovation Delcares Tech Lawsuit Dismissal a Victory

Native Innovation/Facebook
A community member listens to Jerome Tsosie as he explains how the Diné Keyboard works on an Android OS device across social networks and email.

12. ‘Redskins’ Player Says Team ‘Probably Should’ Change Name

Associated Press
‘Redskins’ Cornerback DeAngelo Hall

13. Washington State Bill Would Help Clear Fish Wars Convictions

Ted S. Warren/AP
Nisqually Elder Billy Frank Jr., left, and Quinault member Ed Johnstone display a photo from the late 1960s of tribal fishermen Frank and Don McCloud on the Nisqually River during the Fish Wars. The two are standing on Frank’s Landing, the Nisqually elder’s family home north of Olympia and a hub of the fish-ins of the 1960s and early 1970s.

To explore the psyche of a people, do not look at what they do–look at what they do wrong. Today, we introduce the Misspelling of the Year. A word that was looked up misspelled significantly more this year than the year before. A word with lots of different misspellings. A word in the news. The word: furlough.

In 2013, saw tens of thousands of lookups of this word, often spelled without the ugh. Though the correct spelling is furlough, three variants ballooned in lookup volume: furlow was looked up 66 percent more in 2013 than it was in 2012, and furlo was looked up 60 percent more. We can’t calculate how many more times ferlow, which was in the top 10,000 words of 2013, was searched for because no one was searching for it in 2012.

The main reason folks were talking about furloughs was the October shutdown of the US government (sequester and sequestration searches also jumped 2.3 and 2.8 times relative to last year, but no one was misspelling those).

As for the misspellings. Well, it’s a rough road. The first uses in English were close to the Dutch: vorloffe and fore-loofe in the 1630s. You also get furloghs, furlows, and foreloffs in the early centuries of its use. Why on earth would we pronounce it “oh” but spell it “ough”? Cough cough. That’s tough. Though I have a few thoughts. Let’s step under this lovely bough. (It’s not as bad as it could be: hiccup was standardly spelled as hiccough for a few hundred years.) There are a lot of ways to say ‘g’, but we can’t go into all of them here.

Furlough wasn’t the only word that was giving folks trouble in 2013. In reviewing’s misspellings of the year (I’d prefer to call them “nonstandard spellings” but the Spelling Despots among you would be at me with pitchphorks), three categories for types of misspellings emerged:

Prefix/suffix troubles

PERJUDICE and PERDJUICE for prejudice (think “pre judge” not “smoothie of perdition”)
PERCISE for precise (the -cise here is like in incision, so think “pre cut”)
ADAMIT for adamant (think “Wolverine has adamantium claws, not adamittens”)
AMETURE for amateur (the ama is about love, the -teur is for a doer, like actor in French is acteur; so think “French lover”)
Missing letters

AQUAINTED for acquainted (from the 1300s to about 1600 it didn’t have a “c” in English, you were born too late)
IFARED for infrared (awesome, don’t ever change)
TONSILECTOMY for tonsillectomy (two tonsils, two l’s to remove them)
ACHIEVMENT for achievement (spell “achieve” then add “ment”)
HIERACHICAL for hierarchical (sound it out?)
Just plain hard

EARY for eerie (at the end of the 18th century, suddenly English writers decided this word really needed a double “e,” sorry)
THROROUGH for thorough (this is probably just a typo)
INDITE for indict (the ending is related to dictionary or dictate–it’s talking about “saying,” you’re declaring an accusation)
IMAGRATION for immigration (look for “migrant” inside the word)
Studying nonstandard spellings also suggests some words that need to exist. An argu(e)ment can be made that assertation is a misspelling of assertion, but I would like to think it means something else. Like when someone just goes on and on asserting stuff to point that it feels like they’re reading you a dissertation.

But the word that is the best word in the whole data set and most needs your use and definitions: indiscrepancy. Go get it, Internet.

(Want to learn more about the many pronunciations of -ough? Check their slideshow here.)


From PRISM and the Edward Snowden scandal to the arrival of Google Glass, 2013 was the year that the desire to be seen and heard was turned on its head. Consider the following: In January, the TSA scrapped airport body scanners that produce near-naked images of travelers; In June, Edward Snowden revealed the widespread global-spying program, Project PRISM; In October, Google announced new privacy policy plans that allow the company to incorporate user data into advertisements. The discussion of privacy – what it is and what it isn’t – embodies the preeminent concerns of 2013. For this reason, privacy is’s Word of the Year.

Privacy is defined as “the state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one’s private life and affairs.” The distinction between private and public predates the English language. In Ancient Rome, privatus and publicus were juxtaposed terms that distinguished that which belongs to the state (publicus) from that which belongs to the individual (privatus).

Now there are more variables in the equation: corporations collecting user data and millions of individuals with recording devices. Many of us have embraced social media, choosing to volunteer intimate particulars and personal photographs on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram; this robust participation echoes an observation by Mark Zuckerberg in 2010 that the public’s comfort level with sharing personal information online is a “social norm” that has “evolved over time.” Even so, a recent survey by Harris Poll shows that young people are now monitoring and changing their privacy settings more than ever, a development that USA Today dubbed the “Edward Snowden effect.” In her eloquent and extensive history of the right to privacy in The New Yorker, Jill Lepore summarized these seemingly at-odds impulses surrounding privacy as “the paradox of an American culture obsessed, at once, with being seen and with being hidden, a world in which the only thing more cherished than privacy is publicity.”

On a global scale, early December saw the release of an open letter, signed by more than 500 world-renowned writers, urging the United Nations to create an international bill of digital rights. They highlighted the individual’s right “to remain unobserved and unmolested” in “thoughts, personal environments, and communications.” One of the signatories, Jeannette Winterson, asserts, “Privacy is an illusion. Do you mind about that? I do.” But the conversation doesn’t stop at the level of the individual; the very companies that the public feels a growing distrust for face their own higher-level privacy battles. Also in December, Apple, Google, Facebook, AOL, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Twitter, and Yahoo! signed a petition to the federal government beseeching them to impose limits on the government’s power to collect user data. As Shel Israel lays out in Forbes, in this digital age “trust will become the new currency,” and corporations are acutely aware of this.

As the discussion unfolds, we are scrutinizing what privacy means today, and in so doing, we wonder, does the definition of privacy need another clause? From whose intrusion do we want to be free? The government’s? Foreign governments’? Corporations’? Other individuals’? All of the above? The answer is the missing puzzle piece that we are deciding on together as the wavering definition of privacy solidifies.


Last year Oxford University Press split its word of the year honors between the US and the UK, but for 2013 there’s one word to rule them all — and it is “selfie.” The term beat out contenders like twerk, bitcoin, and binge-watch, due largely to its remarkable uptick in usage. According to research conducted by Oxford Dictionaries editors, the use of selfie has increased an incredible 17,000 percent since the same time last year.

While the term has certainly come into the mainstream over the past 12 months, its origins actually go much further back. The Oxford University Press discovered the term used in an Australian forum posting in 2002, where it was used to describe a photo the poster took of themselves after a drunken fall; the hashtag #selfie surfaced on Flickr two years later. Despite earning the year’s top honors, however, selfie is oddly not included in the Oxford English Dictionary itself. It is part of the online Oxford Dictionaries website, however, and is being considered for future inclusion in the OED as well.

This isn’t the first time that technology’s heavy influence on popular culture has resulted in a word of the year selection. In 2005 the US word of the year was “podcast,” while last last year’s US honors went to none other than the venerable GIF.

Sudbury student says Apple definition derogatory

Read more:


Read about it here -

Click here to see what they are: