Archives For History

1. From an Original Free Existence to an ‘Indigenous’ Existence

2. Miss Indian World 2014: Changing Their Lives, Changing the World

Albuquerque Journal
Kansas Begaye of Rio Rancho was crowned Miss Indian World at the Annual Gathering of Nations pow wow in 2013

3. It’s Not Too Late—Start a Summer Garden This Earth Day

Flickr Creative Commons/Maggie Hoffman
An urban, balcony herb garden

4. Natives Must Rally Together to Ban Offensive Mascots

5. Notes From A Single Mom: Mother Earth, I Owe You a Huge Apology.

Lynn Armitage
A green balloon floating in Puget Sound

6. Seneca Nation Implements Native Plant Policy

Weldy, Troy, David Werier, and Andrew Nelson. 2014 New York Flora Atlas.
American chestnut

7. NIGA’s Stevens on Navajo President, ‘Slams,’ Respect and Redskins

8. Earth Day: 6 Reasons to Be Positive, Including Idle No More, From The Nation

Photo by Blaire Russell
Idle No More is one reason that The Nation’s Peter Rothberg is optimistic on Earth Day. Photo taken on Blood Tribe, Standoff, Alberta.

9. Burial Mounds Threatened By Quarry Seeking Profits
The Wingra Redi-Mix Quarry has been bulldozed as close to the bird effigy mound as possible. Wingra Redi-Mix seeks to destroy the mound to reap the copy0 million of sand and gravel. The mounds on the property are protected by a burial site protection act.

10. Reducing Landfill Waste & Saving Lives: Turning Stone Partners With Clean the World
Turning Stone Resort Casino is advancing the global hygeniene revolution with Clean the World, Inc.

11. Video: How to Say Earth Day in Navajo

How to say Earth Day in Navajo

12. Jude Schimmel on Taking the Leadership Reins For Louisville Basketball

Associated Press
Jude Schimmel

13. 2 Hours Long Native American Indians Spiritual Vocal Shamanic Music | Relax Music – Soothing Music

14. Native American Style Flute, Figured Aspen, ELB Instruments

15. ❀ Sound Therapy ~ Native American Flute ~

1. Cowboys and Indians Ride on DC, Protesting Keystone XL for Earth Day

Manuel Balce Ceneta/AP
Thousands gathered at the National Mall in Washington, D.C. on Sunday February 17, 2013 to hold President Barack Obama to his promise to combat climate change.

2. Supreme Court Discrimination Against Native America Cannot Be Tolerated

3. 5 Studies That Prove Dan Snyder is Wrong About ‘Redskins’

4. Former Shinnecock Leaders Ask BIA to Reject New Council, Mediate Dispute

5. Keystone XL Decision Delayed Yet Again as State Department Invokes Nebraska Court Ruling

Danny Johnston/Associated Press
The Keystone XL pipeline has been delayed because of a court ruling about its route through Nebraska.

6. Native Brothers Dominate NCAA Lacrosse Stats, and Albany Record Books

Brothers Lyle (left) and Miles (center) Thompson with cousin Ty Thompson on the cover of Inside Lacrosse magazine.

7. Carlisle Indian Industrial School Farmhouse to Be Preserved

This is the earliest known photograph of the farmhouse being considered for demolition. It was taken by John Leslie, a Native student.

8. Métis in Canada Demand Harper Meeting as Court Upholds Status Ruling

Ke Ning/Métis National Council
Clément Chartier, President of the Métis National Council

9. The Indian From Rhode Island who Won the Boston Marathon — Twice

Courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection.
Ellison ‘Tarzan’ Brown running in the 1939 Boston Marathon. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection.

10. Counternarratives: Native American Artists In Our Own Words

11. Native American Indian Rock Art – Petroglyphs Pictograph

12. Don Burnstick’s The 5 Ways of native woman laughter

13. Half Breed Age

14. A street magician and native orchestra performs a show at a marketplace in Marrak…HD Stock Footage


1. Russell Begaye Sees a Need for Change in Navajo Government

Russell Begaye: “I haven’t been in Navajo politics for very long, but I have been here long enough to know that the Navajo Nation government must change.”

2. Video: Watch Episode 1 of Showtime’s Climate Change Series Right Here

A still from Years of Living Dangerously

3. Easter Is Time for New Beginnings & Eating Heads Off Chocolate Bunnies

Lynn Armitage enjoys decapitating chocolate bunnies on Easter.

4. Native History: KKK Act Passed; Made Private Criminal Acts Federal Crimes

AP Photo/Sayre
This picture shows a nighttime Ku Klux Klan ceremony in Williamson, West Virginia in 1924.

5. Native Americans Are Americans, Too

6. The 10 Indian Commandments


8. Beautiful Native American meditation music HQ

9. Lakota Healing Song


Growing up it was obvious that I was different from most others around me. I spent the first three years of my life living in Boston, MA.  The street I lived on wasn’t conducive to families with small children. There were no parks in the immediate vicinity for children to play and there were no front or back yards. The children had only their homes or the sidewalks.  When my mother married my step-father things changed and we moved to Brookline, MA.  Things were different there.  There were parks everywhere and everyone seemed to have kids. Some houses had both a front and a back yard, while others had one or the other. When we moved to the Brookline Village area of Brookline in 1966, our neighborhood was predominantly filled with Irish Catholic and/or episcopalian families. In our immediate vicinity, there were a few Jewish families and a couple of asian families.  Then we came along. My mother is Native American and my step-father is polish, but my birth father was both Native American and African-American along with some other mix.  So we were the mutts of our neighborhood. I don’t recall seeing any other family like ours for several years, but that didn’t really stop anyone from befriending us.  I was confused about was how to refer to myself. When I was old enough to ask, I would ask my mother about our Native American Heritage, but she never offered much of an explanation or details of our other family members or what being Native American meant to her or anyone else in her family.  It ended up being something that we just didn’t talk about. We never really talked about being any one race. It was sort of ignored and we sort of acted as if we were just like anyone else.

I thank my dad (my step-father).  He is a Harvard graduate.  He along with my mother made sure we did more than well in school. Education was important.  I was just frustrated that I had no education on who I really was and where I really came from.  During my younger years, it wasn’t the one thing to be proud of being different.  In fact, it was actually frowned upon to point out your differences.  If you weren’t white, you were just classified as being African-American and nothing else. The funny thing is, now when I think about defining who and what I am and where I came from, I still draw a blank. Through History, I have come to learn about all that each race has endured and overcome. I choose to hold onto all that I know myself to be and try to be proud of it all. But I find myself being most interested in the Native American part of me, and I think that is because I live in Brookline, MA a place I know that many Native Americans first lived. Like in most other places they lived the land that they knew as their own was taken away from them and they became enslaved upon that land  or died on it trying to protect it. Only the white man was allowed to freely live on the land here and anyone else was considered a slave. The sad thing is, this was not taught to us during any of my school years. I found this information in a town book I came across belonging to my husband that his father had given to him when he was first a town meeting member decades ago. Reading the pages made me cry. In fact, I found myself nauseated by each page I read. It suddenly feels strange to live in a place where you grew up having one vision of your life, but now knowing the real history behind it changes the view I have now. I think it’s important for people to know as much as they can about where they come from and where they live to better understand who and what you are.

No matter what, each person should try to find a way to find comfort and peace with who they are and what part or parts of you, you feel most comfortable with. Otherwise, it will be hard to find true happiness in your life.

File:Tholos Athena Pronaia.JPG

Tholos: Almost certainly, the idea of circular buildings in Greece derived ultimately from the round store huts of the early Aegeans.  Mycenaeans built round tombs and later tholoi, as circular constructions were called, were built in stone and marble for two or three centuries before the example, the Tholos at Delphi, was erected in about 390 BC. Delphi was a great religious centre, where could be found the shrine of Apollo and the seat of the most renowned of Greek oracles, a place hallowed by association, superstition and myth, sited magnificently and dramatically high above the Gulf of Corinth.

Taken from Oxford University 1993 - Roberts History of the World

Abe is the second son of Adam and Eve, who was slain by his older brother, Cain (Genesis 4:1-16). Abel, a shepherd, offered the Lord the firstborn of his flock. God respected Abel’s sacrifice but did not respect that offered by Cain. In a rage, Cain murdered Abel, then became a fugitive because of the curse placed upon the ground (a curse of infertility) onto which Abel’s blood had spilled.

Genesis makes the point that divine authority backs self-control and brotherhood but punishers jealousy and violence. In the New Testament the blood of Abel is cited as an example of the vengeance of violated innocence (Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51).

Taken from Merriam-Webster Encyclopedia of World Religions 1999

By James Sullivan, The Boston Globe


Joanne Rathe/Boston Globe

BOSTON — While in Shanghai last year, Boston College professor Jeremy Clarke heard a strange tale that could have sprung from the pages of a classic mystery novel: Nearly 100 scale models of []\, exquisitely crafted by Chinese orphans a century ago, had seemingly vanished.

Clarke, a China scholar and Jesuit priest, returned to BC with a challenge for his China history class. Armed with their curiosity and the Twitter hashtag #findthosepagodas, the students embarked on a virtual odyssey to find the missing relics.

It took them from Shanghai to Chicago to an anonymous art collector in New York. They did extensive research online and queried art dealers and museum curators around the globe. They unearthed photos of the models.

The global pursuit ended last fall — of all places — just a few miles from campus, in a warehouse in Somerville, where the pagodas were being stored. Initially, Clarke’s students admitted they were by turns intrigued and annoyed by the project.

“A lot of us thought it was interesting,” said Sarah Malaske. “But we also thought, ‘Gosh, that sounds like a lot of work.’?”

The outcome was gratifying. Three of the 86 models, including two nearly 6 feet tall, are on display this month in the atrium of BC’s O’Neill Library. For Clarke, the successful search is a happy convergence of his Jesuit commitment and his lifelong interest in Chinese culture.

“I see my role as a bridge between the Chinese Catholic communities and the outside world,” he said.

The project also carries special meaning for Damien Zhang, an exchange student who was part of the 25-member undergraduate sleuthing team. While growing up in China, he said, he and his friends would sometimes visit one of the great pagodas that inspired the models.

“I’m not Buddhist, so it was more of an architectural trip,” Zhang said recently as a few classmates and Clarke met at the library to see the newly installed models.

For Buddhists, he explained, the pagodas — some built a millennium ago — were designed as houses of worship, to get a little closer to heaven.

The students’ pursuit began in September. They pooled their talents — some were finance students, some studying international relations — and spent dozens of hours online to research the history of the pagodas.

They learned that the scale models were built for the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco by children living in an orphanage that once sat on the site of the present-day Tushanwan Museum in Shanghai. Made of balsa wood, the miniature pagodas are delicately carved, with pinpoint effects. One on display at BC features a detail from the classical Chinese novel “Journey to the West.”

Clarke said the models were first purchased “for a bit of a song” by a representative for Chicago’s Field Museum of Natural History after the 1915 exposition. That much was clear, but the trail went cold after a sale to a private investor.

After decades of ownership, the Field Museum quietly put the pagodas on the market in 2007. The Peabody-Essex Museum in Salem was among the institutions that expressed interest. The Field kept three; the mysterious collector, who is said to have development ties to Boston, bought the rest.

After tracing the photos of the models, the students in the class, “From Sun Yat-sen to the Beijing Olympics,” tried to contact the Sotheby’s broker identified in the book.

“It was a little odd for her, I’m sure, getting e-mail from a college student,” said student Madeline Walsh. “How many college kids could afford to buy a piece of art?”

Through the grapevine, the broker eventually learned that the students’ search was legitimate. She helped persuade the collector, who wishes to remain anonymous, to permit the students to showcase three of the pagodas during the run-up to BC’s spring Arts Festival.

“The owner was actually very keen to display them,” said Clarke, who noted that the collector wants to bring the pagodas to San Francisco International Airport next year for the centennial anniversary of the 1915 exposition.

The four-year-old museum in Shanghai, where Clarke spoke at an international conference last year, hopes that at least some of the pagodas could be displayed permanently there as a way to honor the orphanage and its place in Chinese cultural history.

Such a decision, Clarke and the students acknowledge, would be up to the collector, because this is not a case of stolen art, like the pilfered European works chronicled in the film “The Monuments Men.” Still, the class debated whether the Field Museum or the current owner owed a debt to the people of Shanghai.

“The students have had to think it through: Who does own world culture?” he said.

Clarke’s students can graduate into the world knowing they shed a little light on a cultural mystery, like the Six Harmonies Pagoda, which has doubled for centuries as a lighthouse.

“These are cool things,” Clarke said of the models. “They shouldn’t be spending all their time in a warehouse.”

1. Mother Earth is Drowning in Garbage

In this February 15, 2010 photo released by 5 Gyres, a coastal area of the Azores Islands in Portugal, is shown littered with plastic garbage.
 2. Inuit Answer Hollywood With Sealfie Photo Booths, Giant Group Pic

Leona Aglukkaq/Twitter
Canada Environment Minister Leona Aglukkaq, Inuit, shows off her sealskin cape after Ellen DeGeneres gave money from a tweeted Oscars selfie to the anti-seal-hunt Humane Society.
Courtesy Ho-Chunk, Inc.
Contract review (from top left to bottom right): Dennis Johnson, Ho-Chunk, Inc. CFO; Heath Rist, All Native Group Vice President; Lance Morgan, Ho-Chunk, Inc. President and CEO; Annette Hamilton, Ho-Chunk, Inc. COO.
Courtesy House of Representatives
Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wisc., and Rep. Chris Van Hollen, D-Maryland, propose alternative budgets that would take the country in significantly different directions. These budgets are more campaign documents than governing instruments, letting voters know what’s ahead depending on which side wins.
Via Twyla Baker-Demary on Facebook
The Gamma Phi Beta sorority posted this banner on its sorority house
Courtesy Reno-Sparks Indian Colony
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Chairman Arlan Melendez, Air National Guard Brig. Gen. William Burkes, Pyramid Lake Vice Chairman Terence James, and Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval in attendance for the grand opening ceremony of the Air National Guard indoor shooting facility.
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Protection Agency officials say 20,000 gallons of crude spilled from a damaged pipeline into a nature reserve in southwest Ohio.
AP Photo/Redwood National and State Parks, Laura Denn
Hacking off redwood burls leaves the tree open to infection, and eliminates its main means of reproduction.

MBTA will keep mosaic, build around it

BOSTON — When you start a construction project to renovate a major subway station that dates back to the previous century, you’re bound to come across some surprises.

A 100-year-old “Scollay Under” mosaic was uncovered by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority construction crews.

See photos of the sign, demolition of station

The mosaic was discovered on a Blue Line platform, near the location of the existing escalator, MBTA spokesperson Joe Pesaturo said.

The goal is to keep the mosaic in place and build around it.

Watch video report

Before Boston City Hall Plaza was built at its current location, completely replacing old Scollay Square, the underground station platforms were known as Scollay on what would become the Green Line, and Scollay Under on what would be called the Blue Line.

The other Scollay Under mosaic has been visible on the Green Line platform.

Government Center Station closed March 22 as reconstruction begins on the station. When the project is done, the station will include a new head house structure as the primary entrance, raised code compliant platforms to provide accessible boarding of the Green Line low-floor trains,  the introduction of new elevators from the street to the Green Line level, as well as from the Green Line level to the Blue Line level, new escalators and a new and expanded fare collection area.

1) Murdered and Missing Indigenous Women: Harper on Wrong Side of History

2) Protecting Tribal Heritage in Public Lands

3) Accuracy Is Victory: NAIHC and Census Bureau to Improve Tribal Data

Courtesy National American Indian Housing Council
National American Indian Housing Council Chairwoman Cheryl Causley and Census Bureau Deputy Director Nancy Potok sign a memorandum of understanding to improve tribal data collected by the Tribal Boundary and Annexation Survey.
 5) Every Step They Take: Staying Connected for Generations Through Dance

Wiley Bros./Miles City, MT/Courtesy Library of Congress
Great Omaha Pow-Wow dance of the Cheyennes in Montana, circa. 1891
Thinkstock/Terrance Emerson
The moon and Venus will be this close, though in slightly different configuration, this week.
AP Images
Christine Harms, 60, holds a photograph of her disabled son Kenneth at Parliament House in Canberra, Thursday, March 21, 2013. Kenneth was taken from her when she gave birth at 15. She came to Parliament House to a historic national apology delivered by Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard to the thousands of unwed mothers who were forced by government policies to give up their babies for adoption over several decades.
Larry Workman/Quinault Indian Nation
The Quinault Indian Nation reservation, situated on the coast, has declared a state of emergency due to flooding from a breach in the seawall at Taholah, its lower village.
Jacqueline Keeler and other twitter activists have responded to Dan Snyder’s move with the ‘Not4Sale’ hashtag.
Associated Press

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