Archives For History

Growing up it was obvious that I was different from most others around me. I spent the first three years of my life living in Boston, MA.  The street I lived on wasn’t conducive to families with small children. There were no parks in the immediate vicinity for children to play and there were no front or back yards. The children had only their homes or the sidewalks.  When my mother married my step-father things changed and we moved to Brookline, MA.  Things were different there.  There were parks everywhere and everyone seemed to have kids. Some houses had both a front and a back yard, while others had one or the other. When we moved to the Brookline Village area of Brookline in 1966, our neighborhood was predominantly filled with Irish Catholic and/or episcopalian families. In our immediate vicinity, there were a few Jewish families and a couple of asian families.  Then we came along. My mother is Native American and my step-father is polish, but my birth father was both Native American and African-American along with some other mix.  So we were the mutts of our neighborhood. I don’t recall seeing any other family like ours for several years, but that didn’t really stop anyone from befriending us.  I was confused about was how to refer to myself. When I was old enough to ask, I would ask my mother about our Native American Heritage, but she never offered much of an explanation or details of our other family members or what being Native American meant to her or anyone else in her family.  It ended up being something that we just didn’t talk about. We never really talked about being any one race. It was sort of ignored and we sort of acted as if we were just like anyone else.

I thank my dad (my step-father).  He is a Harvard graduate.  He along with my mother made sure we did more than well in school. Education was important.  I was just frustrated that I had no education on who I really was and where I really came from.  During my younger years, it wasn’t the one thing to be proud of being different.  In fact, it was actually frowned upon to point out your differences.  If you weren’t white, you were just classified as being African-American and nothing else. The funny thing is, now when I think about defining who and what I am and where I came from, I still draw a blank. Through History, I have come to learn about all that each race has endured and overcome. I choose to hold onto all that I know myself to be and try to be proud of it all. But I find myself being most interested in the Native American part of me, and I think that is because I live in Brookline, MA a place I know that many Native Americans first lived. Like in most other places they lived the land that they knew as their own was taken away from them and they became enslaved upon that land  or died on it trying to protect it. Only the white man was allowed to freely live on the land here and anyone else was considered a slave. The sad thing is, this was not taught to us during any of my school years. I found this information in a town book I came across belonging to my husband that his father had given to him when he was first a town meeting member decades ago. Reading the pages made me cry. In fact, I found myself nauseated by each page I read. It suddenly feels strange to live in a place where you grew up having one vision of your life, but now knowing the real history behind it changes the view I have now. I think it’s important for people to know as much as they can about where they come from and where they live to better understand who and what you are.

No matter what, each person should try to find a way to find comfort and peace with who they are and what part or parts of you, you feel most comfortable with. Otherwise, it will be hard to find true happiness in your life.

File:Tholos Athena Pronaia.JPG

Tholos: Almost certainly, the idea of circular buildings in Greece derived ultimately from the round store huts of the early Aegeans.  Mycenaeans built round tombs and later tholoi, as circular constructions were called, were built in stone and marble for two or three centuries before the example, the Tholos at Delphi, was erected in about 390 BC. Delphi was a great religious centre, where could be found the shrine of Apollo and the seat of the most renowned of Greek oracles, a place hallowed by association, superstition and myth, sited magnificently and dramatically high above the Gulf of Corinth.

Taken from Oxford University 1993 - Roberts History of the World

Abe is the second son of Adam and Eve, who was slain by his older brother, Cain (Genesis 4:1-16). Abel, a shepherd, offered the Lord the firstborn of his flock. God respected Abel’s sacrifice but did not respect that offered by Cain. In a rage, Cain murdered Abel, then became a fugitive because of the curse placed upon the ground (a curse of infertility) onto which Abel’s blood had spilled.

Genesis makes the point that divine authority backs self-control and brotherhood but punishers jealousy and violence. In the New Testament the blood of Abel is cited as an example of the vengeance of violated innocence (Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51).

Taken from Merriam-Webster Encyclopedia of World Religions 1999

By James Sullivan, The Boston Globe


Joanne Rathe/Boston Globe

BOSTON — While in Shanghai last year, Boston College professor Jeremy Clarke heard a strange tale that could have sprung from the pages of a classic mystery novel: Nearly 100 scale models of []\, exquisitely crafted by Chinese orphans a century ago, had seemingly vanished.

Clarke, a China scholar and Jesuit priest, returned to BC with a challenge for his China history class. Armed with their curiosity and the Twitter hashtag #findthosepagodas, the students embarked on a virtual odyssey to find the missing relics.

It took them from Shanghai to Chicago to an anonymous art collector in New York. They did extensive research online and queried art dealers and museum curators around the globe. They unearthed photos of the models.

The global pursuit ended last fall — of all places — just a few miles from campus, in a warehouse in Somerville, where the pagodas were being stored. Initially, Clarke’s students admitted they were by turns intrigued and annoyed by the project.

“A lot of us thought it was interesting,” said Sarah Malaske. “But we also thought, ‘Gosh, that sounds like a lot of work.’?”

The outcome was gratifying. Three of the 86 models, including two nearly 6 feet tall, are on display this month in the atrium of BC’s O’Neill Library. For Clarke, the successful search is a happy convergence of his Jesuit commitment and his lifelong interest in Chinese culture.

“I see my role as a bridge between the Chinese Catholic communities and the outside world,” he said.

The project also carries special meaning for Damien Zhang, an exchange student who was part of the 25-member undergraduate sleuthing team. While growing up in China, he said, he and his friends would sometimes visit one of the great pagodas that inspired the models.

“I’m not Buddhist, so it was more of an architectural trip,” Zhang said recently as a few classmates and Clarke met at the library to see the newly installed models.

For Buddhists, he explained, the pagodas — some built a millennium ago — were designed as houses of worship, to get a little closer to heaven.

The students’ pursuit began in September. They pooled their talents — some were finance students, some studying international relations — and spent dozens of hours online to research the history of the pagodas.

They learned that the scale models were built for the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco by children living in an orphanage that once sat on the site of the present-day Tushanwan Museum in Shanghai. Made of balsa wood, the miniature pagodas are delicately carved, with pinpoint effects. One on display at BC features a detail from the classical Chinese novel “Journey to the West.”

Clarke said the models were first purchased “for a bit of a song” by a representative for Chicago’s Field Museum of Natural History after the 1915 exposition. That much was clear, but the trail went cold after a sale to a private investor.

After decades of ownership, the Field Museum quietly put the pagodas on the market in 2007. The Peabody-Essex Museum in Salem was among the institutions that expressed interest. The Field kept three; the mysterious collector, who is said to have development ties to Boston, bought the rest.

After tracing the photos of the models, the students in the class, “From Sun Yat-sen to the Beijing Olympics,” tried to contact the Sotheby’s broker identified in the book.

“It was a little odd for her, I’m sure, getting e-mail from a college student,” said student Madeline Walsh. “How many college kids could afford to buy a piece of art?”

Through the grapevine, the broker eventually learned that the students’ search was legitimate. She helped persuade the collector, who wishes to remain anonymous, to permit the students to showcase three of the pagodas during the run-up to BC’s spring Arts Festival.

“The owner was actually very keen to display them,” said Clarke, who noted that the collector wants to bring the pagodas to San Francisco International Airport next year for the centennial anniversary of the 1915 exposition.

The four-year-old museum in Shanghai, where Clarke spoke at an international conference last year, hopes that at least some of the pagodas could be displayed permanently there as a way to honor the orphanage and its place in Chinese cultural history.

Such a decision, Clarke and the students acknowledge, would be up to the collector, because this is not a case of stolen art, like the pilfered European works chronicled in the film “The Monuments Men.” Still, the class debated whether the Field Museum or the current owner owed a debt to the people of Shanghai.

“The students have had to think it through: Who does own world culture?” he said.

Clarke’s students can graduate into the world knowing they shed a little light on a cultural mystery, like the Six Harmonies Pagoda, which has doubled for centuries as a lighthouse.

“These are cool things,” Clarke said of the models. “They shouldn’t be spending all their time in a warehouse.”

1. Mother Earth is Drowning in Garbage

In this February 15, 2010 photo released by 5 Gyres, a coastal area of the Azores Islands in Portugal, is shown littered with plastic garbage.
 2. Inuit Answer Hollywood With Sealfie Photo Booths, Giant Group Pic

Leona Aglukkaq/Twitter
Canada Environment Minister Leona Aglukkaq, Inuit, shows off her sealskin cape after Ellen DeGeneres gave money from a tweeted Oscars selfie to the anti-seal-hunt Humane Society.
Courtesy Ho-Chunk, Inc.
Contract review (from top left to bottom right): Dennis Johnson, Ho-Chunk, Inc. CFO; Heath Rist, All Native Group Vice President; Lance Morgan, Ho-Chunk, Inc. President and CEO; Annette Hamilton, Ho-Chunk, Inc. COO.
Courtesy House of Representatives
Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wisc., and Rep. Chris Van Hollen, D-Maryland, propose alternative budgets that would take the country in significantly different directions. These budgets are more campaign documents than governing instruments, letting voters know what’s ahead depending on which side wins.
Via Twyla Baker-Demary on Facebook
The Gamma Phi Beta sorority posted this banner on its sorority house
Courtesy Reno-Sparks Indian Colony
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Chairman Arlan Melendez, Air National Guard Brig. Gen. William Burkes, Pyramid Lake Vice Chairman Terence James, and Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval in attendance for the grand opening ceremony of the Air National Guard indoor shooting facility.
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Protection Agency officials say 20,000 gallons of crude spilled from a damaged pipeline into a nature reserve in southwest Ohio.
AP Photo/Redwood National and State Parks, Laura Denn
Hacking off redwood burls leaves the tree open to infection, and eliminates its main means of reproduction.

MBTA will keep mosaic, build around it

BOSTON — When you start a construction project to renovate a major subway station that dates back to the previous century, you’re bound to come across some surprises.

A 100-year-old “Scollay Under” mosaic was uncovered by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority construction crews.

See photos of the sign, demolition of station

The mosaic was discovered on a Blue Line platform, near the location of the existing escalator, MBTA spokesperson Joe Pesaturo said.

The goal is to keep the mosaic in place and build around it.

Watch video report

Before Boston City Hall Plaza was built at its current location, completely replacing old Scollay Square, the underground station platforms were known as Scollay on what would become the Green Line, and Scollay Under on what would be called the Blue Line.

The other Scollay Under mosaic has been visible on the Green Line platform.

Government Center Station closed March 22 as reconstruction begins on the station. When the project is done, the station will include a new head house structure as the primary entrance, raised code compliant platforms to provide accessible boarding of the Green Line low-floor trains,  the introduction of new elevators from the street to the Green Line level, as well as from the Green Line level to the Blue Line level, new escalators and a new and expanded fare collection area.

1) Murdered and Missing Indigenous Women: Harper on Wrong Side of History

2) Protecting Tribal Heritage in Public Lands

3) Accuracy Is Victory: NAIHC and Census Bureau to Improve Tribal Data

Courtesy National American Indian Housing Council
National American Indian Housing Council Chairwoman Cheryl Causley and Census Bureau Deputy Director Nancy Potok sign a memorandum of understanding to improve tribal data collected by the Tribal Boundary and Annexation Survey.
 5) Every Step They Take: Staying Connected for Generations Through Dance

Wiley Bros./Miles City, MT/Courtesy Library of Congress
Great Omaha Pow-Wow dance of the Cheyennes in Montana, circa. 1891
Thinkstock/Terrance Emerson
The moon and Venus will be this close, though in slightly different configuration, this week.
AP Images
Christine Harms, 60, holds a photograph of her disabled son Kenneth at Parliament House in Canberra, Thursday, March 21, 2013. Kenneth was taken from her when she gave birth at 15. She came to Parliament House to a historic national apology delivered by Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard to the thousands of unwed mothers who were forced by government policies to give up their babies for adoption over several decades.
Larry Workman/Quinault Indian Nation
The Quinault Indian Nation reservation, situated on the coast, has declared a state of emergency due to flooding from a breach in the seawall at Taholah, its lower village.
Jacqueline Keeler and other twitter activists have responded to Dan Snyder’s move with the ‘Not4Sale’ hashtag.
Associated Press

1. Charles Littleleaf on the Native American Flute

2. Csetkwe Fortier Okanagan Song

3. The First Nations Wars – The American Indian (Must See)

4. 500 Nations The Story of Indian Americans Part 1

5. 500 Nations The Story of Native Americans 2

6. Forgotten People of Sochi: Our Relatives in Spirit?

7. ‘Killer of Enemies’ Brings Apache Warrior Lozen to Life

Lee and Low Books, Inc.
The cover art for “Killer of Enemies” stars Raven-Sky as Lozen. These were the many possibilities for the cover.

8. This Is ‘Development’? Survival Releases Satirical Film for Awareness

9. Chickasaw Fishery Saves Endangered Species While Sustaining Fishermen and Tourism

Chickasaw Nation
Small waterfalls along Pennington Creek, which borders the fish hatchery on the east.

10. Australians Launch a Global Campaign Against Aboriginal Deaths in Custody

11. Native American and Partner Open Lounge in New York: A Night With Jesse Wilson

Shamm Petros
Patrons of Analogue, a new lounge in the heart of The Village in New York, look out at the city street.

1. Old Men Still Dream

2. To Everything, There Is a Season: Remembering Pete Seeger


3. Jewish Advocacy Group Speaks Out Against Racist Name of D.C.’s NFL Team

Associated Press

4. Raven Guitars, Icy Straight Lumber Named Winners of Path to Propserity Competition

Casey Kelly/KTOO
The winners of the 2013 Path to Prosperity business contest (left to right) Steve Helgeson, Kevin Skeek, Sue Tyler, and Wes Tyler.

5. Video: Pamunkey Tribe Steps Closer to Federal Recognition

Vincent Schilling
Assistant Chief Bob Gray, left, and Pumunkey Tribal Chief Kevin Brown have waited a long time to see their tribe gain federal recognition and now they are almost there.

6. Skokomish Call Hike From Homeland to the Coast a ‘Spiritual Experience’

Skokomish Nation
Skokomish Tribal Council member Terri Twiddy-Butler at high altitude on the ancestral trail in the southern Olympic Mountains. “It’s easy to forget where our ancestors gathered and hunted. When we get back on the trail, we experience what it was like for the ancestors,” she said.

7. ‘Zombee’ Apocalypse? Parasitic Infestation Found in Vermont Honeybees
A parasitic Apocephalus borealis fly injects eggs into a bee’s abdomen.

8. Family & Native Heritage Drive Wisconsin-Green Bay Hoops Star Tesha Buck

Wisconsin-Green Bay Athletics
Tesha Buck, No. 2., plays offense.

9. Billy Ray Cyrus Proposes Tipi Cure for Justin Bieber

Justin Bieber’s mug shot from the Miami Dade County Corrections Department.

10. OMAHA! Broncos QB Peyton Manning Receives Invitation from Tribe

Charlie Riedel, AP
In this Jan 19, 2014 file photo, Denver Broncos quarterback Peyton Manning calls out a play during the second half of the AFC championship NFL playoff football game against the New England Patriots in Denver.

11. State Department Final Environment Report Says Keystone XL Impact Minimal

1. Daniel Akaka, Michael Chun Endorse Colleen Hanabusa for Senate

2. ‘Comanche Boy’ Steps Into the Ring for First Fight in 2014
George “Comanche Boy” Tahdooahnippah set to fight Terrence Jones in a 6-round bout on Friday, January 24, 2014

3. Oklahoma License Plate Lawsuit Dismissed in Federal Court

4. Dartmouth Grad Focuses Master’s Thesis on ‘Pride & Basketball’

Zachary Williams
Cinnamon Spear graduated with a master’s degree in liberal studies in June 2013 with an emphasis in creative writing.

5. From Cute & Cuddly to Creepy-Crawly: 5 Species Newly Identified in 2013

Mark Gurney, Smithsonian
The olinguito wins for cutest species discovery of 2013.

6. Syphilis Cases Peak in South Dakota

7. Video: Not Ready for Change: Navajo Nation’s View on Same-Sex Marriage

8. Hello, Super Bowl! Broncos Fan in NYC, Ready to Celebrate With Fry Bread

9. A Native ‘American Idol’ Winner? Aranesa Turner Has a Shot

Aranesa Turner has been a highly visible face in publicity materials for American Idol.

10. Blackfeet Political Gridlock: No Electricity & No Heat for Many

Sterling HolyWhiteMountain
“We had three families with small kids living in their cars to stay warm because they had their utilities turned off.”

11. Mentoring, Nurturing Young Lives at Chickasaw Children’s Village

Chickasaw Nation
Chickasaw Children’s Village Cottage parents Cindy and Mike Shipley with their grandson, Jaxxson.

12. ‘Got Land?’ From T-Shirts to Teach-Ins, Idle No More Calls for Day of Action

13. I’m Melting! NASA Climate Change App Has Chilling Before/After Photos

Credit: 1917 photo captured by Louis H. Pedersen; 2005 photo taken by Bruce F. Molnia. Source: The Glacier Photograph Collection, National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
The retreat of Pedersen Glacier, Alaska. Left: summer 1917. Right: summer 2005.

14. Glaucoma: The ‘Silent Thief’ Begins to Tell its Secrets

15. Native History: Roe v. Wade Passes, But Indigenous Women Lack Access

Associated Press
On January 22, 1973, an estimated 5,000 men and women formed a “ring of life” around the Minnesota Capitol building and marched in protest of the ruling that “abortion is a completely private matter to be decided by mother and doctor in the first three months of pregnancy.”

16. Pine Ridge’s Scatter Their Own: Rez Rockers on the Rise

Juliana Brown Eyes-Clifford and Scotti Clifford of Scatter Their Own.

17. We Have a Problem: Too Few Native Journalists

18. Osage LLC Launches Nationwide Search for New CEO

19. Cherokee Nation Completes $9.5 Million Road Project

Courtesy Cherokee Nation
(L to R) Cherokee Nation Administration Special Projects Officer Billy Bob Dougherty, Engineer Jackie King, Chief Designer Regina Compelube, Inspector Jeff King, Delaware County Commissioner Danny Duncan, Paragon Contractors Mike Owen and Gene Harris, Cherokee Nation Principal Chief Bill John Baker, Cherokee Nation Tribal Councilor Curtis Snell, Roads Program Director Michael Lynn, Roads Program Designer Don Moore and Road Construction Manager Barry Hood.
University at Albany Athletics
From left, Ty, Miles and Lyle Thompson, known as the Thompson trio
21. The Wild, Wild North: Law & Order Scarce in Rural Alaska

Courtesy Jefferson Keel
The Napaskiak Police Department in Alaska is one of many tribal law enforcement facilities drastically underfunded.
Courtesy Beau Washington

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