Archives For Canada


1. Alarming Number of Canadian Indigenous Women Missing, Murdered

2. Roadkill: ‘Indians in This State are Not Even Worth a Traffic Sign’

Fiona Watson/Survival
Damiana Cavanha, Guarani leader. Five of her relatives have been run over
and killed.

3. Video: A New Kind of Warrior Fighting for Their People

Wisconsin Media Lab
Mark Antonio Daniels Jr., a member of the Forest County Potawatomi, dreams
of being a professional boxer.

4. Vandals Desecrate Memorial to Residential School Survivors in British Columbia

Wawmeesh Hamilton
The memorial dedicated to students who attended the Alberni Indian Residential
School. The piece has since been vandalized and police have no suspects.

5. Crowdfunding to Regenerate the North American Indian Center of Boston

NAICOB

6. President Obama Engages Native Youth at My Brother’s Keeper Town Hall

7.Tribe Says City’s Logo Featuring American Indian Is not an Offensive Caricature

8. Coeur d’Alene Cancel Ted Nugent Concert Over Rocker’s ‘Racist Remarks’

Source: facebook.com/tednugent
Nugent may need to double-check his standing in Indian country. Image source:
facebook.com/tednugent

9. Veteran Channels PTSD and Anger Into MMA Career

Courtesy va.gov
“In the ring, I’m in complete control. Fighting is my meditation.”

11. Bald Ambition: 10 Hairless Animals That Will Make You Cringe

Daily Mail
Keep reading to find out what this animal is….

12. Navajo High School Graduate Attends Town Hall With President Obama

13. Think Hockey with Spears: 10th Century’s Most Popular Sport Developed by Native Americans

Smithsonian American Art Museum

14. Ho-Chunk, Inc. CEO Receives Award from U.S. Department of Commerce Agency

Ho-Chunk Inc.
Lance Morgan, president and CEO of Ho Chunk, Inc.

15. Watch: Ty Thompson Scores First Goal as a Major League Lacrosse Player

RochesterRattlers.com

16. USDA Awards Grants to Native Communities to Strengthen Small Businesses

and Create Jobs

17. Explosive Blaze in Williston, North Dakota in Industrial Fire

AP Photo/Josh Wood
A fire burns at Red River Supply in an industrial part of Williston, N.D., in the early
hours of Tuesday, July 22, 2014. The site is near three oil companies and a rail
line, just east of Williston’s downtown. Explosions could be seen and heard at the
scene, but it wasn’t immediately clear what caught on fire. No injuries were
immediately reported. Red River Supply provides services to oil companies
working in North Dakota’s oil patch.

18. How to identify fake antique Native American art


1. Why I Write for a Native Audience

2. Abuse and Neglect: The Toxic Lives of Drug Endangered Children

3. CA Tribe Has New Recognition Hopes After Costly, Two-Decade Struggle

flickr/Judith W. Sandoval/Veterans for Peace
Muwekma-Ohlone-Tribe-2010-Flickr: The Muwekma Ohlone Tribe joined Veterans
For Peace members in the Memorial Day Parade in November 2010. Following the
parade the Ohlone preformed a Gourd Dance and a Healing Ceremony in the
Memorial Grove adjacent to the Veterans Building in San Francisco.

4. North American Indian Days Pow Wow Celebrates Blackfeet Traditions

Jack McNeel
Dancers dance in the arena at the 63rd North American Indian Days pow wow
on July 10-13, 2014.

5. A 10-Year-Old Working? Bolivia Changes Child Labor Laws

Sara Shahriari
Eddy Roman Davalos Cayo, 15 Vice President of the Union of Child and
Adolescent Workers, and children sit with Bolivian vice president Alvaro Garcia
Linera and other leaders at the signing of the new Boys, Girls and Adolescents’
code on July 17, 2014.

6. 16 Complete Intensive Navajo Generating Station Training Program

George Hardeen
The newest graduates of the NGS Power Plant Fundamentals School are
(front row left to right) Dexter Williams, Mario Gorman, Shon Redshirt, Cleveland
Shortman, Michael Tsingine, Tallia Tsinnijinnie, D’Armond Chee, Jeremy Mountain,
Francine Hatathlie, (back row left to right) Donovan Tsinnijinnie, Jared Fowler,
Orrin Billy, Cory Stingley, Bing Bizardie, Phillip Bedonie, Durwood Tallsalt,
Colby Gilmore.

7. RCMP Shoot Unarmed Man at Norway Cree First Nation Children’s Baseball Game

Courtesy Annabella Lapensee via CBC News
The baseball diamond where the RCMP shooting took place became an
investigation scene.

8. Air Force Introduces Total Force Commissioning Process

9. Cherokee Nation Surgical Tech Honored as National Instructor of the Year

Cherokee Nation
Cherokee Nation W.W. Hastings Hospital Surgical Technology Program Instructor
Tommy Hays holds up his 2013 New Instructor of the Year Award from the
Association of Surgical Technologists.

10. Start Learning About Native Nation Building for Free Today

Native Nations Institute

11. Ontario Regional Chief Congratulates Iroquois Nationals on Third Place

Finish in World Lax Championships

Courtesy Kenny Frost

12. Don’t Eat a Big Mac on a Bear Hunt: Tristan Ahtone’s Journalism 101

Courtesy Katherine Lanpher
Tristan Ahtone holding the five plaques he won at the 2014 National Native
Media Conference. Photo by Katherine Lanpher.

13. Video: John Oliver Skewers the Racism That’s Filling Up U.S. Prisons

Last Week Tonight With John Oliver/YouTube
Comedian and commentator John Oliver skewers the U.S. prison system using
muppets on his eponymous HBO show.

14. Rez Ball Rules: MVP Shoni Schimmel Scores 29(!) in WNBA All-Star Game

AP Photo/Matt York
East’s ShoniSchimmel (23), of the Atlanta Dream, drives against Nneka
Ogwumike of the Los Angeles Sparks, during the second half the WNBA
All-Star basketball game, Saturday, July 19, 2014, in Phoenix. The East
won 125-124 in overtime. (AP Photo/Matt York)

15. San Juan Island’s Iconic House Posts Celebrate 10 Years

source: susanpoint.com
Susan Point’s ‘Interaction’ house posts at Friday Harbor on San Juan Island,
Washington. Source: susanpoint.com

16. Iroquois Nationals Dominate Australia, Win Bronze Medal in World Lacrosse Finals

Patrick E. McCarthy/Newday/AP
Iroquois Nationals win bronze medal in World Lacrosse Championships

17. Raid Targets Illegal Marijuana Farms Sapping Yurok’s Drought-Plagued Water Supply

Yurok Tribe
One of the many illegal marijuana farms that federal agents uprooted in a
raid on July 21.

18. Ah Nee Mah – Native Visions (A Native American Music Journey) 2013 Full Album


1. Our Original Free and Independent Nations

2. Wisconsin Tribes Urge EPA to Use Clean Water Act to Stop Gogebic Taconite Mine

Mary Annette Pember

3. Critics Are Digging Jason Momoa’s Road to Paloma, and You Can Too

Courtesy Anchorbay Entertainment
Robert Homer Mollohan, left, and Jason Momoa in ‘Road to Paloma.’ Image
courtesy Anchorbay Entertainment.

4. Shoni Schimmel’s Dream Jersey Is No. 1 Seller in WNBA

WNBA
Schimmel holds up her Atlanta Dream jersey on draft day in April 2014.

5. Grand Theft Auto… Not! Washington Senator Gets His Car Back

Courtesy sdc.wastateleg.org
Tech-savvy Washington State Sen. John McCoy, D-Tulalip, used an app to assist
law enforcement in the apprehension of a suspect who allegedly stole his car.

6. 10 Traditional Foods You Might Enjoy During a Canoe Journey

Richard Walker
Blue huckleberries, picked on Kulshan (aka Mount Baker) in Nooksack territory.

7. Native Health News Alliance Ramping Up in Second Year

Mark Fogarty
Rebecca Blatt (left), Shannon Shaw Duty and Teresa Lamsam (right) talk about the
Native Health News Alliance at the Native American Journalists Association’s annual
convention in Santa Clara, Calif. Blatt is the Public Interest Network bureau chief at
the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism in Phoenix. Duty is the editor of Osage News,
Pawhuska, Okla. Lamsen is the president and executive editor of NHNA and an associate
professor at the University of Nebraska at Omaha.

8. Wab Kinew Among Those Considering Run for New AFN Chief

Wab Kinew, a journalist, educator and musician, is one of at least two people
known to be considering a run for National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations.

9. Tribe Recoups $29.5 Million in Unpaid Contract Support Costs

10.  Adoptive Parents in Indian Country Get Help From Sen. Johnson

11. Federal Judge Bans Use of Redskins in Court Documents

Associated Press

12. Oklahoma Receives Nearly $2 Million for Earthquake-Fracking Study

U.S. Geological Survey
Data show a huge spike in earthquakes in Oklahoma over the past few years;
side effects of fracking wastewater-injection wells feared as culprit.

13. World Lacrosse Championship Player Profile: Vaughn Harris

Syracuse.com

14. Classic ’70s Poster Art: Akwesasne Notes x Edward S. Curtis

Library of Congress

15. Obama Allocates copy0 Million for Tribal Climate Change Adaptation

Newtok Planning Group
The Alaska Native village of Newtok is one example of an indigenous community
at the forefront of climate change. Erosion due to rising sea levels has required
the relocation of the entire village.

1. Stop the Lake Sakakawea Land Grab

2. Ballot Power: The Revolution in How Alaska Natives Vote

Courtesy James Tucker, of law firm Wilson Elser, in Las Vegas
The extreme isolation of many Alaska Native villages makes early voting, and the
options it offers, a critical part of helping residents get to the polls.

3. Uncontacted Peoples Forced to Flee Peru as More Trouble Awaits

Courtesy Gleison Miranda/FUNAI/Survival
File photo: This thriving community, with baskets full of manioc and papaya, is in
western Brazil, near Peru.

4. Linguistic Isolation in NYC: Not All Latin American Immigrants Speak Spanish

Ángel Franco/The New York Times
Carmen speaks Mixtec, and has picked up a bit of Spanish. Her husband,
Juan Manuel, learned Spanish

5. Attorney General Eric Holder Calls for Redskins to Change

Associated Press
Eric Holder

6. Video: Meet Canoe Skipper Doug Chilton

Sealaska
Tlingit artist Doug Chilton is the leader of the One People Canoe Society. Watch the
videos to learn about his job and how he got started.

7. Air Force Creates Air Force Installation and Mission Support Center

8. Regina Prepares to Host North American Indigenous Games

NAIGCouncil.com
The North American Indigenous Games unveiled its official medals in May 2014.7

9. Twin Arrows Casino Resort Receives AAA Four Diamond Award

Twin Arrows
Twin Arrows Resort Casino

10. World Lacrosse Championships Player Profile: Myan Adams

Cornell.edu
Myan Adams

11. NTU’s Wellness Center to Host 17 Navajo Nation Presidential Candidates

Navajo Technical University
NTU athletic director George LaFrance discusses the many uses for the new
comprehensive wellness center. In addition to serving inter and intramural athletic
programs, the wellness center will also be used for educational purposes, wellness
programs, community events, and graduation ceremonies.

12. EPA Climate Justice: Restoring the Louisiana Coast to Combat Future Effects of Climate Change

Courtesy U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Before-and-after of a restoration project along the Louisiana coastline.

13. Could the Hobby Lobby Ruling Have Saved the San Francisco Peaks?

14.  Game of Crowns’ Native Beauty Queen Sparks Ear-Bite Fight at Foxwoods

source: BravoTV.com
Vanassa Sebastian on stage at the 2012 Mrs. America Pageant, where she won
a prize for Best Original Costume. Source: BravoTV.com

15. Video: An Amusing Look at the Quirky Border Between the U.S. and Canada

YouTube/CGP Grey
This is where the U.S.-Canada border gets weird.

16. Did You See This Lyle Thompson Move vs. Canada? (Go Nationals, Beat USA!)

17. Why Buy ‘Native Inspired’ Products When You Can Get the Real Thing?

Courtesy Louie Gong
The ‘Inspired Natives’ collection includes these mobile phone cases designed by Louie
Gong and Michelle Lowden.

18. Native American YHWH


1. Something Crude: Navajo Oil and Gas Leadership Rupturing at the Seams

2. Rep. Daines Talks Cobell and the Need for GOP to Connect With Tribes

AP Photo
Rep. Steve Daines, R-Montana

3. Lyle Thompson Is Flying Solo

Courtesy University of Albany
Lyle Thompson is the last of the Thompson trio to play for University of Albany

4. Tribes Could Win It All in Massachusetts

mohegansunma.com
Mohegan Sun Massachusetts is a copy.3 billion destination resort proposed for Revere,
Massachusetts to be developed at the iconic and venerable Suffolk Downs, a fixture of
the Massachusetts gaming industry for 78 years.

5. What Did the Late Charlie Hill Think About the Redskins? [Video]

6. Watch! Countries Come Together to Celebrate the World Lacrosse Games

Kenny Frost
The Iroquois Nationals are welcomed at the opening ceremonies in Denver, Colorado
on July 10, 2014

7. First Nations Development Institute Again Awarded Charity Navigator’s Top 4-Star Rating

Charity Navigator

8. Emerald Ash Borer Leaves Widespread Destruction of More Than Trees

John Ehlke/The West Bend Daily News, via Associated Press
Damage wrought by the emerald ash borer on an ash tree in Wisconsin in 2011.

9. Esther Kiaaina as Assistant Secretary for Insular Areas at the U.S. Department of the Interior

10. Path to Prosperity: 12 Entrepreneurs Compete for $40K Award to Grow Business

p2pweb.org

11. First Nations Challenge Enbridge’s Northern Gateway Pipeline in Court

Darryl Dyck/THE CANADIAN PRESS
Douglas Channel, the winding, narrow passage that supertankers would have to traverse to
pick up Alberta oil sands crude from the Northern Gateway pipeline proposed by Enbridge Inc.
First Nations and environmentalists are suing to block the project.

12. Winging It: Wes Studi Is Windlifter in ‘Planes: Fire and Rescue’

source: facebook.com/wstudi
Studi meets the press in the run-up to this Friday’s premiere of ‘Planes: Fire and Rescue.’

13. Has Irene Bedard Been Cast as Will Smith’s Next Leading Lady?

Source: facebook.com/irene.bedard

14. Wondolowski ‘Bau Daigh’ Debuts in World Cup, Makes Grandparents Proud

USSoccer.com
Team USA striker Chris Wondolowski moved the ball down field, but the USA tied Portugal 2-2
in their second game in the FIFA World Cup on June 23, 2014. Wondolowski’s Kiowa name,
Bau Daigh, translates to “warrior returning from battle.”

1. A Claimed Right of Reduction and the United Nations

2. Frank Paiz: NMAI’s Meet Native America Series

Governor Frank Paiz, Ysleta del Sur Pueblo.

3. ‘Walking in Their Shoes’ Métis Artist Christi Belcourt Wins Major Award for Works

Hyungchoel Park/New Sun Conference on Aboriginal Arts, Carleton University
Christi Belcourt, Métis artist and winner of the 2014 Ontario Arts Council Aboriginal Arts Award.

4. World Lacrosse Championship Player Profile: Jeremy Thompson

5. 4 Ways Pow Wow Regalia Has Changed Throughout the Years

Photo courtesy of the KQ Designs Custom Beadwork
The regalia for Women’s Northern Traditional, the oldest style of women’s dance, is updated
with modern patterns and bead colors.

6. Video: July Heralds Supermoon Summer, With First of Three Giant Full Moons

Thinkstock
The three supermoons of summer will give us spring tides.

7. Leaders Convene to Improve Life for Spirit Lake’s Sacred Children

8. Whoopi to Redskins Controversy Denier: ‘Spoken Like a True White Guy’

9. This Man Has to Be Aquaman in Next Superman Film. He Just Has To!

Source: Lionsgate Films
Jason Momoa as ‘Conan the Barbarian’ in the 2011 film adaptation of the Marvel Comics title.

10. Native American Music/ Ly-o-lay-ale-loya

 


1. Obama at Standing Rock: The Next Vital Steps

2. Bering Strait Theory, Pt. 5: The Theory Comes Crashing Down

Courtesy world-mysteries.com

3. Friday Funny: What Did the Navajo Elder Say to the Moon?

NASA/Rex
Astronaut Harrison H. Schmitt, Apollo 17 lunar module pilot, stands near the
deployed United States flag on the lunar surface, December 1972. Credit:
NASA/Rex

4. You Won’t Believe This: Filmmaker Says Native Genocide Didn’t Happen

5. Got Tribal ID? North Dakota Natives May Not Be Able to Use Theirs to Vote

Courtesy vip.sos.nd
Nearly one-third of North Dakota’s Native population does not have a tribal ID
that looks like the one pictured.

6. Virtual Community Calls on ‘Redskins’ Sponsors to ‘Stop Harming Children’

Native Voice Network

7. Algonquin Rap, Indie Films Will Reign at Montreal First Peoples Festival

Courtesy Land InSights
The colorful teepees brighten up the Place des Festival in Montreal each summer
at the First Peoples Festival, which this year runs from July 29 through August 5.

8. Ceviche: 5 Variations of the Inka Original Seafood Dish

Thinkstock

9. Video: No Butter? No Oil? Chef Bitsoie’s Delicious Native Corn Chowder

10. VIDEO: New Zealand Honors the Creator’s Game With Haka Ceremony

Lax.com
New Zealand presents the Haka ceremony in Denver before the FIL World
Championships began on July 10, 2014.

11. Pow Wow Weekend Planner July 11-13

News.Standford.edu

12. Cherokee Nation Donates Nearly $900K to Improve Water Treatment Plant

(L to R) Front Row: Cherokee Nation Tribal Councilor Janees Taylor, Principal Chief
Bill John Baker, Locust Grove Mayor Heath Holman and Deputy Chief S. Joe Crittenden
sign the funding agreement for the Locust Grove Water Treatment Plant improvement.
Back Row: Cherokee Nation Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. looks over the signing.

13. Salish and Kootenai Help Keep Invasive Zebra Mussel Out of Flathead Lake

KYSSFM Radio
Flathead Lake, the largest natural freshwater lake in the western U.S., is known for its
crystal-clear waters. Experts are fighting to keep it invasive-species-free.

14. This Popular Viral Video Is Really Cool, Except for One Thing

15. Warming Predictions Put Tohono O’odham Nation at Abu Dhabi Temperatures by 2100

Thinkstock
Climate Central, a journalism and data think tank, says some parts of Turtle Island

1. Unfortunate Confusion on the Right of Self-Determination

2. Wisc. Tribes Join Forces to Combat Drug and Gang Activity Through NADGI

3. Remote Amazonian Villages in Peru Lack Schools, Teachers

Barbara Fraser
Young students share a book in a poorly equipped school along the Urituyacu
River, in a remote part of the northeastern Peruvian Amazon.

4. Australian Slot-machine Manufacturer Bets on American Indian Casinos

VGT sells machines such as Live-Call Bingo, Hot Red Ruby and Mr. Money Bags
throughout the U.S. and Mexico.

5. Redskins Blogger Ben Tribbett Resigns via Twitter

Ben Tribbett announced his resignation Monday night.

6. Mountain Pine Beetle Infestation Looms Over Pit River Tribe Gathering

Big Sky Owners Association
A pine-beetle-infested forest in Montana.

7. Monroe Pow Wow Stays Traditional, Doubles in Size

Monroe Pow Wow Facebook page

8. Interior: $50 M in Land Buy-Backs for Rosebud, Deadline August 16

9. How The EPA Is Working to Avoid Another Harvest of Shame, Save Workers

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

10. Let’s Read! Let’s Move! Kicks Off at NMAI

U.S. Department of Education
The Let’s Read! Let’s Move! summer series concluded last year at the National Building
Museum and included appearances by Drew and Jonathan Scott, hosts of HGTV’s hit
show “Property Brothers.”

11. Cowboy Crooner and Steer Wrestler Is ‘Lovin and Losin’ in His Country Music Life

Courtesy Armond Duck Chief
Armond Duck Chief

12. Report: Alberta Oil Sands Contaminate Wild Food, Give Aboriginals Cancer

Youtube video, Vancouver Observer
Moose meat being prepared near Fort Chip Chipewyan

13. World Lacrosse Championships Player Profile: Brett Bucktooth

14. Ethereal Beauty: These 8 Stunning Nunavut Landscapes Will Take Your Breath Away

15. Te Ata, Chickasaw Icon: A Life in Pictures

 


1. Scholar Launches Google Doc ‘Collective Voice’ Campaign to Opposes ‘Redskins’ Name

Associated Press

2. White House Paid Native Woman Less Than Man for Job

3. Why Hasn’t Obama Visited California’s Tribes?

4. Making Natives Copy White Parents Destroys Indigenous Families

University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Les Whitbeck, Professor Emeritus at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and
lead researcher on the 8-year longitudinal study of adolescent development.

5. Toronto Program Helps Female Indigenous Ex-Inmates Heal and Regain Their Pride

Calgary Herald
A female offender

6. The Great War Showed World the Horror of Total War Natives Knew Too Well

Charlie Riedel/AP Photo
This April 4, 2014 photo shows a reproduction of a London newspaper front page from
1914, which writes about the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, on display
at the National World War I Museum in Kansas City, Missouri.

7. 9 Things America Needs to Understand About Native Values

Christina Rose
Buffalo still roam a pristine landscape that must be protected for future generations.

8. Wisconsin Tribes, Authorities Join Forces to Stop Drug and Gang Activity

9. Nasty Tweets the Redskins and Their Blogger Don’t Want You to Read

10. Yukon First Nations Fight to Protect Peel River Watershed From Industrial Devastation

YouTube
The embattled Peel River Watershed will get its day in court.

11.  Video: Yukon’s Peel Watershed Is Imperiled, and Here’s Why You Should Care

YouTube
Watch the essential defense of the Peel River Watershed in Yukon, Canada.

12. Showtime Network to Televise 200th Pro Boxing Episode Live From Turning Stone

Turning Stone Event Center

13. A Navajo Tapestry Made of Angry Birds and 57,000 LEGO Bricks

14. All-Girl Road Trip! Behind the Scenes of ATCR’s ‘Sisters’ Video

Photo by Sarain Fox
From left: Kawennahere Devery Jacobs, Aria Evans, and Sarain Fox shooting A Tribe
Called Red’s ‘Sisters’ video.

15. Don’t Cook Your Dog! Pets in Hot Cars Need Your Help

Animal Legal Defense Fund, aldf.org
This one size fits all sunshade will keep your car cool while making a bold statement.
You can protect dogs from the dangers of hot cars by displaying this message wherever
you park. The text warns anyone in view that leaving a dog in a hot car can be lethal,
and urges anyone who sees a trapped dog to call 911.

16. Cherokee Nation Receives $3.7 Million Grant for Out-of-Work Citizens

17. Lacrosse Check! Watch a Preview of the Iroquois Nationals in Action

Members of the 2010 Iroquois Nationals team.

18. Album Review: Tanya Tagaq’s Throaty, Grunting ‘Animism’

Image source: tanyatagaq.com
On ‘Animism,’ Tagaq creates a playlist that honors her Inuit heritage, the land, the animals,
and all earthly things containing spirit or life.

19. World Religion: Native Americans

20. One State-Many Nations — Native American Spiritual Life


1. Everyone Wants to Be an Indian, But Nobody Wants to Be an Indian

2. Interview: How Tester’s Sen. Committee on Indian Affairs Will Shake Things Up

3. From a Jerky Smokehouse to New Construction: Business Is Booming on Fort Belknap

4. Pushing Obama to Appoint a Tribal Economic Development Council

Thinkstock.com

5. Tribe Helps Elk Herds Reclaim Their Home After Fire

Kristin Butler

6. July 4 Weekend Pow Wow Planner

Courtesy Smithsonian Institute

7. Mississippi Attorney Selected to Lead Chickasaw Inkana’ Foundation

Courtesy Chickasaw Nation
Brad Prewitt, Tupelo, was appointed executive director of the newly-formed
Inkana’ Foundation.

8. Journeys of Light: When Women Power Meets Green Power

Solar Sister 2014
Solar Sister Hawa leading a training session.

9. Indian Land Capital Company President To Retire After 9 Years at Helm

Courtesy ILCC
Gerald Sherman

10. Native People, in All Their Glory: 20 Portraits by Ryan Red Corn

11. Video: Tsilhqot’in First Nation Ruling Could Affect Pipeline Projects

CBC News/YouTube
A video explanation of the potential implications of the recent Canadian Supreme Court in favor of the land claim of Tsilhqot’in First Nation.

12. Ah Nee Mah – Native Visions